The March


Developing a complete model of a representative Roman army on the march is more complicated than might be thought.   Delbrück, who wrote over 500 pages on the Roman army, has just a single sentence about the march.  He simply says that he does not know enough about how the army moved to speculate.  However there are some other sources that do speculate.  I have drawn from  several books and web sites:  Harry Pratt Judson, Caesar's Army; Peter Connolly, Greece and Rome at War; and John Peddie, The Roman War Machine;  J. G. Landels, Engineering in the Ancient World and several websites.  Information from these sources is summarized in a separate page called Supplemental Information 

Because of the number of illustrations the section on the march has been divided into several pages so that each will load a bit faster. The headings are:

March: Basics An outline of some of the basic factors that influence a depiction of the army marching, including roads, spacing of ranks and files, Roman transport systems and the makeup of the "typical" army. 

March: Components  Descriptions of the units and soldiers of the legion and auxiliaries attached to the legion.

March: Baggage  Details on the baggage train and the noncombatant units attached to the legion:  scribes, engineers, artillery, servants, food and supply baggage trains.

March: The Army  Additional units associated with the army as a whole:  the commanding general, the headquarters staff, the auxiliary cavalry, other special units and the baggage train associated with these units.

March: Order  The order of march: the arrangement of units in the column of march.

March: a Day's  The movement of the army from one camp to the next shown in 1/2 hour increments.

March: Attack   Analysis of the vulnerability of the marching column to surprise attack.

March: Supplemental   Citations from references and information about mules as pack animals, horse-drawn carts and ox-drawn wagons.


Links to the nine parts of the March section:
March: Introduction
March: Basics
March: Components 
March: Baggage 
March: The Army 
March: Order 
March: a Day's 
March: Attack
March: Supplemental
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© 2003, Gary Brueggeman. All rights reserved world wide. No part of this work may be reproduced in part or whole, in any form or by any means, without permission from the author.